Removes edges from the database. This is the equivalent of the DELETE command, with the addition of checking and maintaining consistency with vertices by removing all cross-references to the edge from both the in and out vertex properties.


    ( <rid>
      [<rid> (, <rid>)*]
      ( [ FROM (<rid> | <select_statement> ) ] [ TO ( <rid> | <select_statement> ) ] )
    [WHERE <conditions>]
    [LIMIT <MaxRecords>] 
    [BATCH <batch-size>]
  • FROM Defines the starting point vertex of the edge to delete.
  • TO Defines the ending point vertex of the edge to delete.
  • WHERE Defines the filtering conditions.
  • LIMIT Defines the maximum number of edges to delete.
  • BATCH Defines the block size for the operation, allowing you to break large transactions down into smaller units to reduce resource demands. Its default is 100. Feature introduced in 2.1.


  • Delete an edge by its RID:

    orientdb> DELETE EDGE #22:38482
  • Delete edges by RIDs:

    orientdb> DELETE EDGE [#22:38482,#23:232,#33:2332]
  • Delete edges where the data is a property that might exist in one or more edges between two vertices:

    orientdb> DELETE EDGE FROM #11:101 TO #11:117 WHERE date >= "2012-01-15"
  • Delete edges filtering by the edge class:

    orientdb> DELETE EDGE FROM #11:101 TO #11:117 WHERE @class = 'Owns' AND comment 
              LIKE "regex of forbidden words"
  • Delete edge filtering by the edge class and date:

    orientdb> DELETE EDGE Owns WHERE date < "2011-11"

    Note that this syntax is faster than filtering the class through the WHERE clause.

  • Delete edges where in.price shows the condition on the to vertex for the edge:

    orientdb> DELETE EDGE Owns WHERE date < "2011-11" AND in.price >= 202.43
  • Delete edges in blocks of one thousand per transaction.

    orientdb> DELETE EDGE Owns WHERE date < "2011-11" BATCH 1000

    This feature was introduced in version 2.1.

  • To delete edges from sub-query given a class:

    orientdb> DELETE EDGE E WHERE @rid IN (SELECT @rid FROM E)

For more information, see

Use Cases

Controlling Vertex Version Increments

Creating and deleting edges causes OrientDB to increment versions on the involved vertices. You can prevent this operation by implementing the Bonsai Structure.

By default, OrientDB only uses Bonsai as soon as it reaches the threshold, in order to optimize operation. To always use Bonsai, configure it on the JVM or in the orientdb-server-config.xml configuration file.

$ javac ... -DridBag.embeddedToSbtreeBonsaiThreshold=-1

To implement it in Java, add the following line to your application at a point before opening the database:


For more information, see Concurrency on Adding Edges.

NOTE NOTE: When using a distributed database, OrientDB does not support SBTree indexes. In these environments, you must set ridBag.embeddedToSbtreeBonsaiThreshold=Integer.MAX\_VALUE to avoid replication errors._

Deleting Edges from a Sub-query

Consider a situation where you have an edge with a Record ID of #11:0 that you want to delete. In attempting to do so, you run the following query:


This does not delete the edge. To delete edges using sub-queries, you have to use a somewhat different syntax. For instance,

orientdb> DELETE EDGE E WHERE @rid IN (SELECT FROM #11:0)

This removes the edge from your database.

Deleting Edges through Java

When a User node follows a company node, we create an edge between the user and the company of the type followCompany and CompanyFollowedBy classes. We can then remove the relevant edges through Java.

node1 is User node,
node2 is company node

OGraphDatabase rawGraph = orientGraph.getRawGraph();
String[] arg={"followCompany,"CompanyFollowedBy"};
Set<OIdentifiable> edges=rawGraph.getEdgesBetweenVertexes(node1, node2,null,arg);
for (OIdentifiable oIdentifiable : edges) {



  • Implements support for the option BATCH clause


  • Command implements the Blueprints API. In the event that you are working in Java using the OGraphDatabase API, you may experience some unexpected results in how edges are managed between versions. To force the command to use the older API, change the GraphDB settings, as described on the [ALTER DATABASE])SQL-Alter-Database.md) command examples.


  • First implementation of the feature.

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