OrientDB Security Guide

The OrientDB Security Guide has three sections on security-related topics when running an instance of OrientDB:

  • Security Recommendations Checklist
  • Data Protection and Privacy
  • OrientDB Security Documentation

Security Recommendations Checklist

The following is a list of recommended suggestions for improving the security of a default OrientDB installation:

  • Disable Default Users
  • Review Port Settings
  • Enable TLS Encryption
  • Enable Database Encryption
  • Configure The JavaScript Sandbox
  • Avoid Exposing The OrientDB Server To A Public Network
  • Enable Auditing (Enterprise Only)
  • Validate Plug-Ins

Default Users and Roles

By default, when a new database is created, three default roles and their respective users are created.

The roles are admin, reader, and writer. Three users are also created corresponding to each role: admin, reader, and writer.

A default password is also created for each user. The password is the same as the user's name (e.g., the admin user's password is set to admin).

SECURITY RECOMMENDATION: Disable creation of default users.

To disable the creation of defaults roles and users when a database is created edit the security.json file in the config directory. Set the createDefaultUsers property to false.

  "server": {
    "createDefaultUsers": false


The default configuration for an OrientDB server utilizes multiple communication ports:

  • 2424 is the default binary protocol port used by binary protocol drivers.
  • 2434 is the default Hazelcast discovery and multicast port (if distributed is enabled).
  • 2480 is the default REST API endpoint port and also used by OrientDB Studio.
  • 8182 is the default Gremlin Server port (if installed and enabled).

By default, none of the communications on these ports uses encryption.

SECURITY RECOMMENDATION: Enable TLS encryption for each protocol.

TLS Encryption

OrientDB supports TLS 1.2 in-transit encryption. However, this is not enabled in the default installation.

See TLS Encryption.

SECURITY RECOMMENDATION: Enable TLS encryption for each protocol.

Database Encryption

OrientDB supports at-rest AES and DES database encryption. A global encryption key can be set for all databases or a separate encryption can be set on each database.

See Database Encryption.

By default, OrientDB databases are not encrypted.

SECURITY RECOMMENDATION: Enable at-rest encryption for each database.

JavaScript Sandbox

The OrientDB JavaScript engine runs in a sandbox. By default, no packages are allowed to be accessed.

To allow specific Java packages edit the OServerSideScriptInterpreter handler in the orientdb-server-config.xml file under the config directory.

The parameter to edit is "allowedPackages". Its value is a comma-separated list of packages.

<handler class="com.orientechnologies.orient.server.handler.OServerSideScriptInterpreter">
        <parameter name="enabled" value="true"/>
        <parameter name="allowedLanguages" value="SQL"/>
        <!--  Comma separated packages  allowed in JS scripts eg. java.math.*, java.util.ArrayList -->
        <parameter name="allowedPackages" value="com.orientechnologies.orient.core.security.OSecurityManager"/>

For more information see JavaScript Functions

SECURITY RECOMMENDATION: Be careful which packages are allowed, as granting access to certain packages could compromise the system security.

OrientDB Web Server

It is not recommended to expose the OrientDB Web Server directly on the Internet or public networks.

For more information on this and JSONP, cross-site requests, and clickjacking, see: OrientDB Web Server Security.

SECURITY RECOMMENDATION: Do not expose the OrientDB Web Server on the Internet or public networks.

Enable Auditing (Enterprise Only)

If you are using the Enterprise version of OrientDB, it is recommended to enable the auditing feature.

For more information: OrientDB Auditing

SECURITY RECOMMENDATION: Enable the auditing capability.

Validate Plug-Ins

Since OrientDB supports both static and dynamic plug-ins, which have total access to the entire system, it is recommended to validate the installed plug-ins for authenticity and to limit write access to the plugins directory.

SECURITY RECOMMENDATION: Validate installed plug-ins.

Data Protection and Privacy

See SAP Enterprise OrientDB Data Protection and Privacy Approach for Products.

OrientDB Security Documentation

More comprehensive information about OrientDB security can be found here:

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