Working with Multi-threading

When developing multi-threaded applications with OrientDB, the simplest way to operate on the same database through additional threads is to create a new database instance within the scope of the run() method. Doing so causes OrientDB to set the new database automatically in ThreadLocal for further use.

For instance,

OrientGraphFactory factory = new OrientGraphFactory(
   .setupPool(10, 20);
new Thread(() -> {
  OrientBaseGraph graph = factory.getTx();

  try {
    graph.addVertex("class:Account", "name", "Amiga Corporation"
  } finally {


In the event that you are using a database instance that was created in another thread, ensure that you active the instance before using it. The activation API's are,

  • Graph API graph.makeActive()
  • Document API database.activateOnCurrentThread()

Multiple Databases

When using multiple database instances on the same thread, you must explicitly set the database or graph instance before using it. For instance,

ODocument rec1 = database1.newInstance();
ODocument rec2 = database2.newInstance();

rec1.field("name", "Luca");

rec2.field("name", "Luke");

In the above example, bear in mind that the activeOnCurrentThread() method is mandatory as of version 2.1 of OrientDB. Also, that the save() method forces saving on the database, no matter where the record comes from.

Closing Databases

ThreadLocal isn't a stack. In the event that you are working with two databases and close one, you lose the previous database that was in use. For instance,

ODatabaseDocument db1 ="db1","admin","admin");
ODatabaseDocument db2 ="db2","admin","admin");



The database is not set in ThreadLocal. In order to work with db1 from this point on, you need to call the activateOnCurrentThread() method.


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